The Advantages and Disadvantages of Cooperative Learning – According to Slavin the benefits of cooperative learning, including the following:
- Students work together in achieving goals by upholding the norms of the group.
- Students are actively helping and motivating spirit to succeed together.
- Active role as peer tutors to further enhance the group’s success.
- Interaction between students with increasing their ability to argue.
In addition to these advantages of cooperative learning also have shortcomings, according to Dees including the following:
- Requires a longer time for students so it is difficult to achieve curriculum targets.
- Take a long time for teachers so that teachers in general do not want to use cooperative learning.
- Requires special skills of teachers so that not all teachers can do or use of cooperative learning.
- Specific nature of student demands, such as the nature likes to work together.
Shortcomings that exist in the cooperative learning can still be overcome or minimized. The use of a longer time can be overcome by providing the student activity sheet (LKS) so that students can work effectively and efficiently. While group formation and structuring appropriate classroom there are groups that can be done prior to the learning activities undertaken.
Cooperative learning does require special skills of teachers, but this can be overcome by doing exercises in advance. While the latter deficiency can be overcome by giving understanding to the students that human cannot live alone without help from others. Therefore, students feel the need to work together and practice working together in cooperative learning.