Education Problems in Indonesia and the Solutions. A requirement to achieve a just and prosperous society is more determined by the extent to which quality community resources. The quality of a nation is determined by the role of education quality in use by the nation. A civilized society is an educated society. In this case Muhammad Naquib al-Attas said in the concept of Islamic education, Islamic education thinks it is more properly termed ta’dib compared with term tarbiyah or study groups, because the concept ta’dib, education will provide ethic or culture.A similar picture in a big put forward by a French educator who lived in the surrounding century 19dalam a famous book “Aqeuitient Superiorite de Anglo-Saxons” (superior British nation), which appeared in 1897, in one of the most important chapter entitled “New Education” states: If we are to conclude an answer on the question of community in a broken word, the word is “Education”.
And indeed in solving community problems is intended to familiarize themselves to anticipate each new event in the world, for human beings able to fight with the strength. Aware the era development challenges ahead, the existing education system is to be able adapted condition themselves with the real and able to answer most of the problems that exist in it. Through the writing of this short paper, the author wants to reveal about the problems of education in the purpose of once again trying to find a solution to solve.
PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION
The problems are derived from the root of the English word “problem” that is questions, problems or puzzles. Also means problematic namely lack of requirements for.
About the education of many definitions of various kinds, but in general there is a define that; education is a result of civilization of a nation that developed on the basis of a nation’s view of life itself, as an experience that gives understanding, views, and adjustments for a person who caused them developed. The definition of education, more specifically, as pointed out by Ali Saifullah on, that education is a growth process in which an individual was helped to develop the forces abilities, talents, skills and interests. So it can be concluded here that education is a conscious effort in order to inculcate the ability of these forces, whether related to the experience of cognitive (knowledge resources), affektif (aspect attitude) and psychomotor (skills aspect) owned by an individual.
As for the meaning of education are problematic, issues or problems faced by the world of education. An educational problem by Burlian Somad outline includes the following: The existences of obscurity educational purposes, non serasian curriculum, educators lack a proper and good, for the measurement of fuzziness measure and place on the basis of education levels.
Educational Objectives obscurity
In the law number 4 in l950, has been clearly mentioned about the purpose of education and teaching and in essence, is to form a competent human decency and democratic citizens and responsible about the welfare of the community and country based on Pancasila and Indonesian national culture and so on …. But in fact happened to the educational purpose of such an ideal has not been able to created human beings as defined in the pile of words in the existing formulation of educational goals, even the opposite, namely moral degradation occurs, the life the less democratic, there is chaos due to conflict in society and others, this is an indication that the purpose of education has not been told to succeed, probably due to obscurity or vagueness in understanding the true purpose of education.
The lack of Curriculum
Most curricula used in schools still contain about the subjects, a wide range of subjects, number of hours of lessons and the names of the handbooks for each subject.
So the teaching that took place mostly invested solely theories of knowledge, resulting in graduates who earn less ready to use even the poor do not have the skills and the ability to productivity in the midst of society, because the received curriculum in schools does not prepare to make graduates of the learner to be independent in the community.
Teachers Lack Proper and Proficient.
There are still many slogans which reads “there was no cane the root so”, shows a picture of how low the quality of existing staff, because it must be held by educational personnel who are not from an expert. In terms of commissioned and put someone as educators who are not coached or supplied in science education and who is not in its field, is causing huge losses, including the wasteful costs, degradation of quality of education, will further prepare future citizens with individuals who have low quality, so not able to compete in the life of the all problematic.
The existence of Wrong Measurement
In the case of measurement of learning outcomes that are often referred to as the test or evaluation, it turns out in practice happened between the numbers given to students is often not objective, where the inclusion of the figures so high value that was not commensurate with the quality of the real holders of the numbers that value. When they were take into society, unable to do anything that commensurate with the level of education. Clearly in the absence of objective measurement can be sure will never happen real educational purpose.
The existence of fuzziness Platform Level Educational Attainment.
For years, nobody seems to review about level of education, from primary level up to university high level. The classification result so far is based on the level of physical and psychological development of students or is it just a translation of educational levels commonly used throughout the world, if that’s the case, the condition of our students is obviously much different from the conditions of the country – other countries in the world, making it impossible if need be held in common. Or is based on the results of empirical research, is it true that to be a self patterned high value it enough to require assistance during the time of 17/24 years. These issues surrounding our education so far have not found the answer.
SOLUTION TO SOLVING PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION
In facing the problem of obscurity during these educational purposes, should be clearly formulated in the variables that must be achieved for each level of education ranging from elementary to university level, in terms of application of the results that can realistically feel its impact on middle- center of social life and state not in attainment of goals idealistic discourse.
To overcome the lack curriculum, needs to remove the impression of the school identification simply embed purely scientific theories, it is necessary to reduce the impression that education is synonymous with teaching, it is necessary to minimize errors in the manufacturing step curriculum that is less oriented toward the real condition of community needs.
Similarly, in addressing the lack of qualified educators and professionals, need to recruit as many workers – staff of graduate education institutions with the need to have skills mastering sciences required for the manufacture of a minimum quality standard, which controls power required sciences to implement management of education that bring change for the more advanced.
Other requirements that must be present in an educator at a minimum, have the maturity to think, authority, power personality, has a socio-economic status is sufficient, cohesiveness within a team of fellow educators. And so forth.
Measurements in the field of quality education is very determine whether or not the individual learner, it depends on how the measuring devices in use. In fact there are many measuring instruments are made arbitrarily without due process of standardization, so that the instruments are not reliable, because it is invalid and not reliable. Therefore need to create measuring instruments valid and reliable, along with the provision of digit values objective as possible without affected by subjectivity and engineering, just by way of measurement like this is to ensure quality educational outcomes expected.
In the end, to seek solutions to education classification, must be based on what should be in forming on students, need to perform calculations by conducting experiments in which mature to find new true facts in order to review the classification levels of education during This in the rule.
Of the many descriptions that have been the author pour through the contents of this paper, we can conclude the authors, these things as follows: Indeed there are problems of education today is more lies in obscurity on the objectives to be achieved, the lack curriculum to the needs of society, lack of energy qualified educators and professionals, the occurrence of one measurement of educational outcomes and still have not explained the basis used to determine the level-level educational levels ranging from elementary to high education. The authors offer solutions in the search for problem solving, is the need to review and formulate a realistic return to the problematic that is being faced by our education so far. Education Problems in Indonesia and the Solutions