The Difference between Evaluation, Measurement, Test and Assessment. Many people confuse about the notion of evaluation, some of them didn’t understand the different between measurement, test, and assessment. Did You know it? Here I will give a little explanation about that.
Evaluation is an identification activity to see if a program that has been planned achieved or not, valuable or not. It’s also to see the level of implementation efficiency. Evaluation is relating to the decision value. Stufflebeam said that: educational evaluation is the process of delineating, obtaining, and providing useful information for judging decision alternatives. From Stufflebeam views, we can see that the essence of evaluation is to provide information for decision making purposes.
In education, we can evaluate the new curriculum, an education policy, specific learning resources, teacher or work ethic.
Measurement is the process of obtaining the business number or numerical description of the degree to which a learner has reached a certain characteristic. Assessment is implementing a variety of ways and using various assessment tools to obtain information about the extent to which learners’ learning outcome or achievement of learners’ competence (range ability). Assessment will be answering questions about how well the results or achievement of a students. The assessment value can be qualitative (narrative statement in words) and quantitative value (a number). Measurements related to the process of finding or determination of the quantitative value.
The test is the assessment ways to designed and implemented to students at a particular time and place and under conditions that meet certain requirements are clear. In particular, in the context of learning in the classroom, the assessment is to determine the progress and outcomes of students, diagnosing learning difficulties, provide feedback / improvement of teaching and learning process, and determining the increase in class. The assessment can be obtained accurate information about the organization of teaching and learning success of students, teachers, and the learning process itself. Based on that information, teacher can make decisions about learning, learner’s difficulties and the effort necessary guidance and presence of curriculum itself.
Assessment has a very important purpose in learning, such as for grading, selection, knowing the level of mastery of competencies, counseling, diagnosis, and prediction.
- For grading, the assessment is intended to define or distinguish the position of student work compared with other learners. This assessment will indicate the position of learners in the sequence compared with other children. Therefore, the function of assessment for grading is likely to compare the child with the other children so that more refer to the assessment of the reference norm (norm-referenced assessment).
- As a means of selection, assessment is intended to separate between learners who fall into certain categories and who do not. Learners are allowed to enter a particular school or who are not allowed. In this case, the function of assessment to determine a person can enter or not in a particular school.
- To illustrate the extent to which a student has mastered the competencies.
- As guidance, the assessment aims to evaluate the learning outcomes of learners in order to help learners understand themselves, make decisions about next steps, both for the selection of courses, personality development as well as for the majors.
- As a means of diagnosis, the assessment aims to show learning difficulties experienced by learners and the possibility of achievement that can be developed. This will help teachers determine whether a person needs to remedies or enrichment.
- As a predictive tool, the assessment aims to obtain information that can predict how the performance of students in the next education level or in a suitable job. Examples of this assessment are the scholastic aptitude tests or tests of academic potential.
From the sixth assessment objective, the goal is to see the level mastery of competencies, mentoring, and also a major role in the assessment, diagnostics.
In accordance with these goals, the assessment requires teachers to directly or indirectly capable of conducting an assessment in the overall learning process. To assess the extent students have mastered a variety of competencies, of course various types of assessment needs to be given in accordance with the competencies to be assessed, such as performance, assignment (project), the work (product), a collection of student work (portfolio), and a written assessment (paper and pencil test). Thus, the purpose of assessment is to provide comprehensive input information about learners’ learning outcome, whether viewed as the learning activities take place and when viewed from the end result, using various ways in accordance with the competency assessment that is expected to reach learners. The Difference between Evaluation, Measurement, Test and Assessment